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The Default Settings
A Graphics Journal
Tutorial #04 
27th-Jul-2009 10:42 pm
Oh gosh, it's been a long time since I've posted a tutorial! This tutorial is a simple coloring tutorial for changing a cap or image that is primarily blue into something a bit easier to work with. I'll try my best to explain everything :)

Go from this to

I use PSP, but it should definitely be translatable to other programs. It allows me to save in psd format too, so I've uploaded both.

First I re-sized the image to a more manageable size.

Then I made a new layer and set it to screen at 100% opacity.

I repeated this three more times. The amount of screen layers varies on different images, if the image is very dark then you would probably need more same goes for the opposite... the lighter the cap the less screen layers you need.

Now to get rid of some of those blue/green tones I add a color balance layer and adjust the midtones.

Now that's a lot better, there are some pink and yellow tones running through the image giving it some variation in color and a more natural feel.

I flattened the image, copied it, and set it to soft light at 100% opacity.

It was still a bit dull so I repeated the step.

Now the green in his hair and in her blanket is kind of ugly, so I decided to cover it up with some black. I made a new raster layer and took the paintbrush and just went over his hair and her blanket, then I went to my toolbar adjust>blur>gaussian blur and set the radius to 3. Then I set the layer to soft light and 100% opacity.

It wasn't covered up enough, so I duplicated the soft light layer.

Much better! Now the colors still weren't vibrant enough for me, I thought there was still a bit too much blue/green so I created another color balance layer and adjusted the highlights.

That gave it some more pinkish tones.

For some reason the coloring still bothered me, I realized I wanted a lot more red and pink tones. I created another color balance layer and adjusted the midtones again.

Now the colors are pretty intense there's a lot of red.

But it was a bit too red, so I made a new saturation layer. I then went to edit>reds and lowered the saturation.

You can see how the reds are not as intense, but the coloring still stays vibrant.

Finally I re-sized the image and cropped it to my liking.

I feel like the colors should pop a bit more, so I duplicate the image, and set it to soft light at 30% opacity. Then I add a brightness/contrast with the adjustments in both set to 5.


And that's it! Usually if I feel like playing around with textures, sharpness, etc... or adding text I do so at this stage. End result:

Results of course will vary depending on your image, so I wouldn't follow it step by step.... adjust the settings as you go. Enjoy :)

James Marsters
28th-Jul-2009 11:23 am (UTC)
Whoa! How have I not known all these years that you could adjust the saturation of individual colors?! I am amazed, and will be utilizing that tool in the future! Thanks!
28th-Jul-2009 01:14 pm (UTC)
Very useful for dark caps, thank you!
28th-Jul-2009 03:16 pm (UTC)
This is a very awesome tutorial. And it's really helpful. Thank you! :)
28th-Jul-2009 09:30 pm (UTC)
10th-Aug-2009 11:10 am (UTC)
the result is awesome, thank you for this! : ))
11th-Aug-2009 11:54 am (UTC)
looks awesome. thank you ;D
20th-Jul-2011 07:08 am (UTC)
Here's a late comment! What do you mean set to "screen" at 100%?
21st-Jul-2011 05:16 am (UTC)
There should be an effect you can use under your layers called "screen".

If you can't find it the psp/psd download should show you :)
21st-Jul-2011 08:12 am (UTC)
Thank you! I got the opacity thing - I've used it before but the screen was just confusing me. :D
24th-Jul-2011 12:28 am (UTC)
Sorry to be a pain! I couldn't find the screen setting but the .pspimage is saying its invalid file for my PSP... What version was this in? That's the only thing I could think of?
24th-Jul-2011 03:33 am (UTC)
When you have an image open in psp go over to the right where it says layers, there should be a box that says normal, if you click on it a drop down list of things will show, the screen layer is one of those.

I have PSPX3.
24th-Jul-2011 05:59 am (UTC)
That could be why I can't find this drop down thing. I'm in PSP9 at the moment.
24th-Jul-2011 06:01 am (UTC)
You should still have it. Do you have the toolbar on the right set to see layers?

24th-Jul-2011 06:03 am (UTC)
I do yes but I don't see any drop down menu there.
24th-Jul-2011 06:07 am (UTC)
I'm not on a comp that has it right now so I'll use an old cap:

in this image the drop down box is the one under layers that says multiply
24th-Jul-2011 06:10 am (UTC)
Thanks! Mine's actually COMPLETELY different which could be why. I'll have a look around and see if I can find something :)
21st-Jul-2011 05:17 am (UTC)
and 100% is the opacity setting of the screen layer, where you can fiddle with the intensity.
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